In general, haemorrhoids happen when there is a swelling in the anal area. However, internal haemorrhoids occur when the swelling is in the rectal area. Although internal haemorrhoids are not painful, it must be addressed with internal haemorrhoid treatment to prevent bleeding and to stop the agitation and further complications.
Internal haemorrhoid treatments are given to patients to prevent developing other severe conditions. In most cases, if internal type of haemorrhoids are not dealt accordingly, prolapsed haemorrhoid and strangulated haemorrhoid can develop.
Prolapsed haemorrhoids occur when the swollen tissue comes out of the anus. The fact is, there are still no known treatments for haemorrhoids that will prevent it from coming back, however, there are remedies for internal type of haemorrhoid that reduces the symptoms of the conditions and lessens the size of the lump tissues.
These kinds of treatments are made to prevent aggravating conditions from appearing and thus letting haemorrhoids heal faster. In treating internal haemorrhoids, the five methods below are the most common to be used.
First is the utilization of rubber band ligation. This procedure involves tying a rubber band at the base of the internal haemorrhoid which enables to cut off the blood supply. After four or seven days, the haemorrhoid will eventually fall off by itself decreasing its size and allows faster healing.
Another method is to expose the patient to injection sclerotherapy. This procedure entails the injection of a chemical solution to the coating near the haemorrhoid allowing it to shrink and prevent inflammation.
Infrared photocoagulation is a procedure that directs infrared light towards the dilated veins of the haemorrhoid, enabling them to produce clots. This also causes the shrinking of the haemorrhoids primarily because no blood supply can enter the area of swelling thus inducing faster healing.
Laser coagulation is same as infrared photocoagulation in terms of cutting out the supply of blood to prevent the haemorrhoid from increasing its size. Only that in this procedure, an application of electric current produced by an electric probe is done to trigger the formation of a chemical reaction to area being applied.
Of course, both infrared photocoagulation and laser coagulation involves high-end technology and therefore two of the most expensive ways to treat haemorrhoids.
The final one is a surgical procedure called haemorrhoidectomy which is the removal of the haemorrhoid from the anal canal. The procedure is expensive and an intrusive one which uses scalpel, cautery device or laser but has high probability that the haemorrhoid will not regenerate again.
Really, haemorrhoids can occur any time and even though that the peak ages for this disease begins at mid 40s to mid 60s, younger people, pregnant women, and children are also becoming vulnerable to develop this kind of condition. In some cases, haemorrhoids are more often to appear in some families or to people whose lifestyles are exposed to toxic substances like drinking and smoking. Since, there are varied types of haemorrhoids, it is important for the patients to understand that there are appropriate techniques to treat them.
Biatris Kharkongor is involved in healthcare market research and healthcare product review since 2010. She loves to write on various health topics.